优化海外引智平台 推动高端人才回流

江西期货配资

优化海外引智平台 推动高端人才回流

在经济全球化和知识经济崛起的背景下,高端人才是推进科技创新的核心要素,高端人才的跨国流动,成为形塑全球社会经济竞争图谱的重要力量。21世纪以来,随着新兴工业化国家的快速发展,传统的以欧美等发达国家为中心的人才跨国流动格局发生变化,发展中国家流向发达国家、发达国家之间人才交换、发达国家向新兴工业化国家回流的“多中心”人才跨国流动趋势日渐显现。数据显示,2004年—2018年15年间,我国留学回国人员年均增幅达24.2%,高于出国留学人员年均增长率(13.3%),人才回流态势明显。

面对近年反全球化、中美经贸摩擦等复杂严峻的国际局势,强化海外引智、推动人才回流,亟需提升至国家发展的战略高度。近日,北京大学未来教育管理研究中心启动“新形势下海外高端人才回国意愿”项目调研。该项目以中国留学或工作于美、英、德、法、日等13个发达国家和地区的5999位博士研究生、拥有博士学位的高校或企业科研人员为调查对象,旨在全面了解海外高端人才回国意愿,分析人才回流背后的驱动机制,为我国优化海外引智平台建设提供科学依据和有效建议。

近七成高端人才优先选择回国发展

江西期货配资DIAOCHAXIANSHI,CONGZHONGGUOZOUXIANGHAIWAIDEGAODUANRENCAIZHONGJINQICHENG(69.6%)WEILAIYOUXIANKAOLVHUIGUOJIUYE。QIZHONG,JUYUMEIGUO、YINGGUO、JIANADA、AODALIYADEGAODUANRENCAIHUIGUOYIYUANFENBIEDA67%、72%、69%、73%。OUZHOUGUOJIAZHONG,JUYUFAGUODEGAODUANRENCAIHUIGUOYIYUANXIANGDUIJIAODI(58%),YUANYINHUOSHIZUOWEIFEIYINGYUGUOJIA,XIANGGUANRENCAIHUIGUOJIUYEDEYOUSHIXIANGDUIYOUXIAN。XIANGBIZHIXIA,TONGWEIFEIYINGYUGUOJIADEDEGUO,YOUYUGAODUANRENCAIZHONGGONGKEZHUANYEZHANBIJIAOGAO、GUONEIXUQIUDA,YINCIGUIGUOYIYUANGAODA74%。YAZHOUGUOJIAZHONGJUYURIBENDEGAODUANRENCAIGUIGUOYIYUANXIANGDUIJIAODI(69%)。JIUQIYUANYIN,RIBENZHENGFUJINNIANZAIRENKOULAOLINGHUAQUSHIZHIXIA,KUODAXIANGHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAITIGONGJIUYEJIHUIHEYONGJUSHENFEN,ZHEIYIZHENGCESHOUXIAOXIANZHU。

京津沪、高水准院校成为回国就业首选

江西期货配资HAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIDEJIUYEDIQUXUANZECHENGXIANGAODUJIZHONGHUATEZHENG。82.4%DEDIAOCHAZHEQIWANGZAIJINGJINHUJIUYE,XUANZEDONGBUQITADIQUZHEWEI10.2%,XUANZEXIBUHEZHONGBUDIQUDEBILIJINWEI3.2%HE2.9%。QIZHONG,DIQUJINGJIFAZHANSHUIPINGHERENCAIZHENGCESHIZHUYAOKAOLIANGYINSU,FANGJIAJISHENGHUOCHENGBEN、DIQUGAODENGJIAOYUFAZHANSHUIPINGDENGZEWEICIYAOYINSU。

XUANZEHUIGUOFAZHANDERENCAIZHONG,BANSHUYISHANGQIWANGZAIGAOXIAOHUOKEYANYUANSUOCONGYE。QIZHONG,SHOUXUANZAIGAOSHUIZHUNYUANXIAOJIUYEZHEZHANBIGAODA76%。ZAIQUEDINGJIUYEYUANXIAODEKAOLVYINSUZHONG,YUANXIAOSHIFOURUWEI“SHUANGYILIU”JIHUA、SUOZAIZHUANYEYUANXIDEQUANGUOXUEKEPAIMINGDENGWEIZHUYAOYINSU,XINCHOUDAIYU、PEITAOKEYANZIJINDENGWEICIJIYINSU。KEJIAN,JIUYEYUANXIAODEXUESHUSHENGWANG、ZHIYEFAZHANPINGTAIDEQIANJINGXING,SHIYINGXIANGRENCAIXUANZEDEGUANJIANBIANLIANG。

影响人才回流的核心因素与现实瓶颈

JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEWOGUOKEJISHUIZHUNKUAISUTISHENG,GEJIZHENGFUCHUTAIDEYIXILIERENCAIYINJINZHENGCE,ZAIBUTONGCHENGDUSHANGTUIDONGLEHAIWAIRENCAIHUILIU。YANJIUXIANSHI,WENDINGDEZHENGZHIHUANJING、JIAOGAODEYUANXIAOKEYANSHUIPINGHEJIAOSHIXINZIDAIYU,CHENGWEIXIYINHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIHUIGUODEZHONGYAOYINSU;YUGUONEIQINRENNANYIGESHEDEXUEMAINIUDAI,YECHENGWEIHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIZUOCHUHUIGUOXUANZEDEZHONGYAOLALI。ZHIDEGUANZHUDESHI,GUONEIYUANXIAOYUHAIWAIRENCAIBAOCHIZHANGQIPINFANDEXUESHUJIAOLIU,ZAICUCHENGRENCAIGUIGUOZHONGFAHUIZHEXIANZHUZUOYONG。

YANJIUFAXIAN,DANGQIANHAIWAIGUOJIADUIYUHUAYIKEYANRENCAIDEPAICHI、GUOJIXUESHUZHIYELAODONGLISHICHANGDEXUQIUWEISUO、HUAYIXUEZHEZAIHAIWAIYUYANWENHUAZHONGDERONGRUZHANGAI,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGTUIDONGLEHAIWAIRENCAIHUILIU。

江西期货配资YIZHIHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIGUIGUODEYINSUZHONG,ZIRANHUANJINGHEYUANXIAOXUESHUHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGBURONGHUSHI。YANJIUFAXIAN,BEIDIAOCHAZHEDUIGUONEIHUANJINGWURANHESHIPINANQUANWENTIDEDANYOU,DAOZHIQIXUANZEHUIGUODEGAILVJIANGDI11.8%。CIWAI,GUONEIGAOXIAOGUANLIZHIDU、JIAOSHIPINGGUJILIJIZHI、XUESHUZHIYEFAZHANHUANJINGDENG,RENGSHIZHIYUERENCAIGUIGUOYIYUANDEZHONGYAOYINSU。

对策建议:优化海外引智制度平台

WANSHANHAIWAIYINZHIZHIDUPINGTAIJIANSHE,YINGZAOYOUZHIDEXUESHUKEYANHUANJING,SHIBAOZHANGWOGUOXUESHUKEYANKECHIXUFAZHANDEBIYAOJUCUO。

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江西期货配资JIANLIZHANGQIJINMIDEXUESHUJIAOLIUNIUDAI。DIAOYANXIANSHI,HAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIYUGUONEIGAOXIAOJIKEYANJIGOUDEJINMI配资开户 DAILAIJIAOGAODEHUIGUOLV。WEICI,ZHENGFUYINGCHUTAIXIANGGUANZHENGCEZHICHIGUONEIWAIXUESHUJIAOLIUHEZUOPINGTAIJIANSHE,TONGGUOZHONGWAIHEZUOYANJIU、GUOJIXUESHUHUIYI、YUANXIAOHUFANGDENGDUOYANGHUATUJING,XIYINGENGDUODEHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIHUIGUOFAZHAN。

江西期货配资ZHICHIZHONGXIBUPUTONGYUANXIAOHAIWAIYINZHIGONGZUO。ZHANGQIYILAI,WOGUOZHONGXIBUDIQUDIFANGGAOXIAOPUBIANMIANLINYOUZHIRENCAIKUIFADEKUNJING,ERDANGQIANHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIDEHUIGUOYUQILIUXIANGYIRANGAODUJIZHONGYUJINGJINHUDENGJINGJIFADADIQU、GAOSHUIZHUNYUANXIAO。WEIYIZHIQUYUJIAN、YUANXIAOJIANGAODUANRENCAISHIHENGZHUANGKUANG,ZHENGFUXUTONGGUOCAIZHENGZIZHU,GAISHANZHONGXIBUPUTONGGAOXIAOZAIKEYANJINGFEI、KEYANSHEBEI、RENYUANXINCHOUDENGFANGMIANDEBUZU,GULIQIJIJIKAIZHANHAIWAIYINZHIGONGZUO。

江西期货配资GOUJIANDUOYUANCHANGTONGDEYINZHIXINXIQUDAO。HAIWAIGAODUANRENCAIPUBIANCUNZAIDUIGUONEIKEYANGANGWEIZHAOPINXINXIHUOQUQUDAOBUCHANGTONG、QUEFAGUONEIQIUZHIJINGYANHEJUTIZHIDAODENGKUNRAO。ZHENDUIXINGDEZHIYESHENGYAGUIHUAZIXUNHEDUOYUANCHANGTONGDEYINZHIXINXITUISONG,CHENGWEIZHEIYIQUNTIDEPOQIEXUQIU。WEICI,ZHENGFUXIANGGUANBUMENYINGXIEDIAOHEHUIZONGXINXI,ZAIHAIWAIKEYANRENYUANSHIYONGPINLVJIAOGAODESHEJIAOMEITIPINGTAIDINGQIFABURENCAIZHAOPINXINXI;GEGAOXIAOHEKEYANJIGOUYINGQIANGHUAGUANWANG、SHEJIAOMEITIPINGTAIZHAOPINXINXICHUANBOGONGNENG;DISANFANGZHUANYEJIGOUYINGFAHUIQIAOLIANGZUOYONG,WEIHAIWAIGAODUANRENCAITIGONGZHIYESHENGYAGUIHUAZIXUNFUWU,ZAIGAOXIAOYUHAIWAIRENCAIZHIJIANDIANDUIDIANTUISONGJINGZHUNHUAGONGQIUXINXI,XIYINGENGDUOYOUXIURENCAIHUILIU。

(作者:林建华、陈春花、鲍威,分别系北京大学未来教育管理研究中心主任;北京大学国家发展研究院教授、未来教育管理研究中心执行主任;北京大学教育学院研究员、未来教育管理研究中心研究员。本文系教育部高教司委托课题“综合质量发展与教师发展理论研究”〔编号:20191701〕阶段成果)

责任编辑:刘宇同校对:刘佳星最后修改:
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